It's the Moline Monitor Seed Drill (hoe drill or “seeder”)
One of these implements is the Moline Monitor Seed Drill (also called a hoe drill or “seeder”) a horse drawn planting machine that farmers used to sow seeds for crops by positioning them in the soil and burying them to a specific depth.
This device ensured that seeds were distributed evenly at the proper seeding rate and depth and also prevented the seeds from being eaten by birds and animals or excessive exposure to the sun.
With seed drill machines, seeds are distributed in rows; and this particular seed drill allowed for adjustments between the rows to allow different plants to get sufficient sunlight, nutrients, and water from the soil. Before the introduction of the seed drill, most seeds were planted by hand broadcasting, an imprecise and wasteful process with a poor distribution of seeds and low productivity.
The seed drill not only revolutionized a new effective way of planting crops but it also helped provide the basis for modern agriculture. The impact of its development not only created an agriculture movement in the U.S. but also a universal movement in agriculture as well.
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